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The Dragon Blood Tree, Dracaena cinnabari, is actually not a tree. It is a very large succulent plant.  Dracaena in general are fairly common in landscaped areas, but the particular type shown here is rare. In fact, the one located in Fort Lauderdale is likely the only one of its kind in South Florida! That makes it a Tree of Distinction.
 
The tree's unique shape also distinguishes it. The dome shape is natural. Another interesting characteristic is its red sap, a feature which gives the tree its common name. 

 

Dragon Blood Tree
Dragon Blood tree back
Dragon Blood Tree close up

Fort Lauderdale's Dragon Blood Tree is located at 201 North Andrews Avenue along NW 2nd Street. These photos were taken in July, 2012. 

The Dragon Blood Tree is native to  to the Socotra archipelago in the Indian Ocean and is sometimes called the Socotra Dragon Tree.  Unlike most monocot (palms and grasses) plants, the Dracaenaceae display secondary growth. D. cinnabari even has growth zones resembling tree rings found in dicot tree species. 

Dragon's blood, the crimson red resin or sap, has long had many uses. The root yields a gum-resin, and is used in gargle water, as a stimulant, astringent, as a breath freshener, in toothpaste, and even for gluing pottery.   Around the Mediterranean basin it is used as a wool dye, and making it a nice ingredient for lipsticks. The root itself is used to treat rheumatism. Because of the belief that it is the blood of the dragon it is also used in ritual magic and alchemy.

The unique flora and fauna of the Socotra Archipelago is considered a World Heritage Site and a Global 200 Eco-region, and efforts are being made to protect this tree and many other species.

More Information

Our Urban Forester recommend the Wikipedia entry on the The Dragon Blood Tree.

BBC Nature has a wonderful page about the Dragon Blood Tree, including dramatic photos of the tree in its native habitat,and an educational video.

The Dragon Blood Tree is native to  to the Socotra archipelago in the Indian Ocean and is sometimes called the Socotra Dragon Tree.  Unlike most monocot (palms and grasses) plants, the Dracaenaceae display secondary growth, D. cinnabari even has growth zones resembling tree rings found in dicot tree species. 
Dragon's blood is used as a stimulant.  The root yields a gum-resin, used in gargle water as a stimulant,astringent and in toothpaste. The root is used in rheumatism.  The trees can be harvested for their crimson redresin, called Dragon's blood which was highly prized in the ancient world and is still used today. Around the Mediterranean basin it is used as a dye and as a medicine, Socotrans use it ornamentally as well as dying wool, gluing pottery, a breath freshener and lipstick. Because of the belief that it is the blood of the dragon it is also used in ritual magic and alchemy.
The unique flora and fauna of the Socotra Archipelago is considered a World Heritage Site a Global 200 Ecoregion and efforts are being made to protect this and many other species.
The Dragon Blood Tree is native to  to the Socotra archipelago in the Indian Ocean and is sometimes called the Socotra Dragon Tree.  Unlike most monocot (palms and grasses) plants, the Dracaenaceae display secondary growth, D. cinnabari even has growth zones resembling tree rings found in dicot tree species. 
Dragon's blood is used as a stimulant.  The root yields a gum-resin, used in gargle water as a stimulant,astringent and in toothpaste. The root is used in rheumatism.  The trees can be harvested for their crimson redresin, called Dragon's blood which was highly prized in the ancient world and is still used today. Around the Mediterranean basin it is used as a dye and as a medicine, Socotrans use it ornamentally as well as dying wool, gluing pottery, a breath freshener and lipstick. Because of the belief that it is the blood of the dragon it is also used in ritual magic and alchemy.
The unique flora and fauna of the Socotra Archipelago is considered a World Heritage Site a Global 200 Ecoregion and efforts are being made to protect this and many other species.
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